When We Met Other Human Species

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  • Published: 10 July 2019
  • We all belong to the only group of hominins on the planet today. But we weren’t always alone. 100,000 years ago, Eurasia was home to other hominin species, some of which we know our ancestors met, and spent some quality time with.

    Thanks to Julio Lacerda and Fabrizio de Rossi from Studio 252mya for their wonderful hominin illustrations. You can find more of their work here: 252mya.com/

    Produced in collaboration with PBS Digital Studios: uglx.info/user/pbsdigitalstudios

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    References: docs.google.com/document/d/1h8iVAIugVPfxOcCZKeZxtZfa6mNP8V7xMhS_vxmDRl0/edit?usp=sharing
  • Science and Technology Science and Technology

Comments • 3 986

  • welcome 2therage
    welcome 2therage  17 minutes back

    This channel is amazing

    • Bonzi Buddy
      Bonzi Buddy  35 minutes back

      Can't stand these Green brothers.

      • Worlds Greatest Idiot
        Worlds Greatest Idiot  1 hours back

        We're still screwing each other in so many ways. 😀

        • Ben Baxter
          Ben Baxter  2 hours back

          Politicians disagree

          • John Smith
            John Smith  2 hours back

            Sub-saharan Africans? Excuse me, we like to be called African Americans. thank you very much!

            • Mich Callen
              Mich Callen  2 hours back

              What about the case for natural absorption of these two species? Why do we always assume extinction.?? TY for the upload.

              • joe beastyg
                joe beastyg  2 hours back

                Yeah, um, no.

                • Kiyarose3999
                  Kiyarose3999  3 hours back

                  Hold on,didn’t at least some of us come from Africa? I mean life in the Tropics surely had the highest chance of producing Humanoid animals.

                  • Delimar Aponte
                    Delimar Aponte  3 hours back

                    I've always thought that Neanderthals were the descendants of the previous species of hominids that were destroyed by a nuclear disaster/war. That's why they went extinct, not been able to have an immune system to survive due that.
                    Think of avant guard artifacts from the ancient history, the pyramids...

                    • Decremental Bug
                      Decremental Bug  4 hours back

                      The ending was nice!

                      • creemyice
                        creemyice  5 hours back

                        He looks like the guy from Crash Course

                        • Danny Archer
                          Danny Archer  5 hours back

                          Other species of ‘human’ are entering europe every day.

                          • dothedeed
                            dothedeed  5 hours back

                            Hank?!
                            What are you doing here?
                            Do you even sleep?

                            • VacumOvale Lookanal
                              VacumOvale Lookanal  6 hours back

                              There was a news few years ago, man was caught mating with pig. So no wonder these ancient humans did what they had to do. Nothing New under the sun.

                              • DontBlink05
                                DontBlink05  7 hours back

                                It feels like accidental selective breeding

                                • Perry Bird
                                  Perry Bird  7 hours back

                                  totally wrong!

                                  • R Koster
                                    R Koster  8 hours back

                                    There are no other intelligent species on this earth.

                                    • M E
                                      M E  4 hours back

                                      Like attracts like... so I guess that's why other intelligent species haven't gravitated toward you, yet?

                                  • RedRiver Organics
                                    RedRiver Organics  9 hours back

                                    Climate change rapidly changed their food source, numbers dwindled, natural catastrophe finished them off with volcanic eruptions near italy

                                    • Timothy Swag
                                      Timothy Swag  9 hours back

                                      Average Neanderthal ejaculatory volume was about 300 cc

                                      • Rocky johnson
                                        Rocky johnson  9 hours back

                                        Interbreeding is what phased them out and makes the most sence and it continues today as that's how the genome gets stronger in a way.

                                        • fantmclwd
                                          fantmclwd  9 hours back

                                          We are the only ones left because someone has to be.

                                          • Rise and Shine
                                            Rise and Shine  11 hours back

                                            Just 10,000 years before he was born.... meanwhile we have only had planes for 130 years... computers 80.... Imagine where we will be in 10,000 years?

                                            • keenan Hatfie
                                              keenan Hatfie  11 hours back

                                              Why are modern humans not different species? I am asking from a purely scientific standpoint since physical and genetic differences are real and apparent (while they have no bearing on the kind of person you are) I don't understand why each group of humans doesn't get its own classification?

                                              • kingcam0775
                                                kingcam0775  11 hours back

                                                Thank you Levi Strauss

                                                • Nicholas Joseph
                                                  Nicholas Joseph  11 hours back

                                                  WHO IS STEVE?

                                                  • gasoline cowboy
                                                    gasoline cowboy  11 hours back

                                                    Science always expects belief, even though they have no problem tossing their former "facts" into the trash bin...:-)

                                                    • Nicholas Joseph
                                                      Nicholas Joseph  11 hours back

                                                      So subsaharan people are close to 100% pure while the rest of us have our ancestors mating with Neanderthals? I wonder if we can freak out some KKK members.

                                                      • Wolfkinn Playzz
                                                        Wolfkinn Playzz  12 hours back

                                                        Imagine if there was another continent FULL of Neanderthals. What would you do?

                                                      • therover65
                                                        therover65  12 hours back

                                                        When modern humans met Neanderthals, of course they fought each other. This is the case today and into the future.

                                                        • M E
                                                          M E  4 hours back

                                                          You could say that, but without an ounce of evidence to back it up, you might as well be saying that Moses parting the seas was something that 'of course' happened. It's your opinion, not fact.

                                                      • therover65
                                                        therover65  12 hours back

                                                        Did the Neanderthals have different races? Ditto Homo sapiens of the time.

                                                        • Green Man Diary
                                                          Green Man Diary  12 hours back

                                                          It's crazy to keep saying "we" and "they"; we're both part part of human evolution. It should be looked at as a merging continuum instead of compartmentalized. Neanderthals didn't go "extinct." They were simply merged into the evolving modern human, and because the product was superior, Neanderthals faded away. I'm sure Homo heidelbergensis from around 500K years ago and Homo antecessor 1 mill. years ago will be proved as our descendants as well.

                                                          • Tom Rose
                                                            Tom Rose  13 hours back

                                                            dat is really quite funny as simona halep is from da romania too!!!

                                                            • Perry bishop
                                                              Perry bishop  13 hours back

                                                              Why are you ignoring substantial evidence of earlier traces of human in the americas, people have been disregarding this for years now I don’t understand why

                                                              • Furor Frisii
                                                                Furor Frisii  10 hours back

                                                                And the very recent discovery of the oldest remains yet from an ancient species in Europe- from LONG before we 'all got out of Africa'.

                                                            • Al Morrison
                                                              Al Morrison  13 hours back

                                                              So very interesting. I think hominin divergence is still taking place up to now, now, and in the future. Phenotype follows genotype up until the point where interbreeding results in no viable offspring. Observe the cultures around you and think.

                                                              • Random Pool Guy
                                                                Random Pool Guy  15 hours back

                                                                Knee-Ander-Tall.

                                                                • Empowered And Overpowered Leftist Black Woman

                                                                  Guys just imagine if other homonin species have reached to AUSTRALIA, did you know that the fisrt people on Austrlia get there like 40000-50000 years ago?, years before the other hominin species died!

                                                                  • Dave S.
                                                                    Dave S.  16 hours back

                                                                    So basically our ancestors were getting freaky with anything on two legs

                                                                  • Chan Uppuluri
                                                                    Chan Uppuluri  16 hours back

                                                                    ::rubs eyes and blinks twice:: ... HANK?! When did you get here? Where have I been?

                                                                    • SFgamer
                                                                      SFgamer  17 hours back

                                                                      There's only one human species, one biological human race. The world view of "multiple human races/species" is one of the reasons why racism, racial supremacism, and prejudice still thrives.


                                                                      https://answersingenesis.org/racism/
                                                                      https://answersingenesis.org/racism/one-race/
                                                                      https://answersingenesis.org/racism/one-blood/
                                                                      https://answersingenesis.org/charles-darwin/racism/

                                                                      • Daniel Oliveira
                                                                        Daniel Oliveira  18 hours back

                                                                        So.... racism is stupid as there's only one human race. But Eurasians have Neanderthal DNA and others don't?
                                                                        hum... 3rd world war coming....

                                                                      • kipilla3
                                                                        kipilla3  19 hours back

                                                                        Scientifically if homo sapiens which are a separate species from homo neanderthalensis, went back and crossbred how are the progeny of this mating still considered homo sapiens when it is a half breed of both species. Would that not mean those offspring are a completely different species......


                                                                        A Leopon is a cross between a male leopard and a female lion, however, the offspring is a species of combined origin but it is not classified as a lion or leopard.

                                                                        • 31k
                                                                          31k  19 hours back

                                                                          Imagine how much more we have not found yet

                                                                          • Edwin Dennis
                                                                            Edwin Dennis  20 hours back

                                                                            There's been a recent discovery that's the gist that Neanderthals couldn't obtain as much nutrition from tubers

                                                                            • TheJohnnyJason
                                                                              TheJohnnyJason  20 hours back

                                                                              Thanks for the video I think these facts mean something really cool :-)


                                                                              I still do not get the notion of extinction here xD
                                                                              The homo sapiens was more numerous so it is logical who "absorbs" whom^^...

                                                                              As you said - they live still within us ;-) would not quite fit my notion of extinct only because there is no "pure" version left :-P

                                                                              • Derek P.
                                                                                Derek P.  20 hours back

                                                                                I would love to see what a Neanderthal-Homo Sapien hybrid would have looked like from the first generation onward.

                                                                                • Junia ginger
                                                                                  Junia ginger  20 hours back

                                                                                  What if we are wrong? What if from one man came every nation of men like Moses was believed to have written?

                                                                                • Crap Game
                                                                                  Crap Game  21 hours back

                                                                                  Maybe in one-hundred years or so scientists will discover that we are immortal souls that simply move from body to body over time.....or NOT!

                                                                                  • Timothy Whitehead
                                                                                    Timothy Whitehead  21 hours back

                                                                                    Just one small comment: you talk about a gene EPAS1 then show a protein on screen with the label EPAS1 but never make clear that the gene is not the protein. Genes are used to create proteins.